Sunday, May 24, 2020

Plagiarism, Citation, Anonymity and Professionalism - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 2 Words: 623 Downloads: 10 Date added: 2019/04/04 Category Career Essay Level High school Tags: Professionalism Essay Did you like this example? ABSTRACT Plagiarism is nothing but copying someones idea, article or work without giving him any credit. The work is said to be plagiarized if it is not cited. Citation is an important part if we use someones idea, article or work it must be cited properly. Anonymity is hiding someones name who has contributed to that research. It can be done purposely or knowingly. Professionalism is the work ethics that we follow while doing any work, it may be doing any research work or any job. Table of contents INTRODUCTION: Plagiarism is copying someones writing, ideas or words and presenting it as our own idea or work. It also means copying someones work without proper citation. Citation is giving credit to the original author by stating his name under the information which we have copied from his report. Anonymity can be said as hiding someones name, whose idea or work is has been copied. Professionalism is including the ideas by using certain principals while maintaining the standards of profession. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Plagiarism, Citation, Anonymity and Professionalism" essay for you Create order PLAGIARISM: Plagiarism means copying or stealing of others ideas or writing. It means, copying same texts from someones writing without appropriate citation. Some people are very smart to plagiarize without leaving any fingerprint. Sometimes plagiarisms are caught and sometimes not. A good example of plagiarism is when it was said that Edison stole Teslas work, the greatest inventions of the history were stolen from someone. It was said that Tesla was working under Edison during the invention of DC (Direct Current). During that period Tesla invented many small inventions and Edison would patient the invention under his name without giving any credit or compensation to tesla. Due to this Tesla left the company and joined other company and working there he invented AC (Alternating Current) which is now used worldwide. Figure 1 Tesla and Edison Source (Sciencestruck) CITATION: Citation in means Reference that is, if you have taken note or copied something from someones paper or article, then you should always put a reference to the original article in your writing. It includes a literature survey which is normally discussed in the introduction part of the article. While you can discuss the idea of cited article (be it book chapter, research paper, article, or even website) in your language as to what you understood from it, or even you may cite the results achieved by them, but coping the exact wording, and using the exact idea would be termed as plagiarism. Here is a good example of citation. Which shows how citation should be done properly in different conditions Figure 2 citation Source (Google) ANONYMITY: It can be said that copying or using someones work and doing citation of his work but without exposing his name or by using his pet name. it can happen in two cases if the person himself doesnt want to express his name or the person who has copied the work doesnt want to give credit to that person. PROFESSIONALISM: Professionalism is behaving and presenting oneself in professional standards. It can also be said as the honesty, responsibility, and courtesy while dealing with any individuals. It can be divided in two different parts as, firstly the clothes that we wear, the way that we talk and secondly the knowledge and efforts that we rake while doing that job. CONCLUSION: Plagiarism should not be done. If you want to use someones work you should provide proper citation. Proper citation gives credit to the original writer. Anonymity should not be done. Proper credit should be given to that person. Professionalism should be practiced during doing any work. REFERENCES Science struck, Father of the Electric Age: Thomas Edison Vs. Nikola Tesla Citation, Google

Monday, May 18, 2020

The Abdication of Tsar Nicholas II was a Turning Point for...

To what extent was the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II the key turning point in Russia’s political development 1856-1964? From 1856 onwards the aim of turning Russia from a once agrarian, illiterate and backwards country and into a political superpower was set. A multitude of developments began with Nicholas II being a catalyst of change for the Russian people. Writers of Marxist Russia such as Joan Hasler1 however believe that the Tsars abdication merely prevented revolution happening for a few years. The significance of his abdication caused demands for a new and improved governmental structure to be in place in order to get Russia back on its feet after the devastating defeat in world war one. New political developments took place after the abdication of the Tsar including a new improved Duma who quickly realised they had little trust and loyalty to the tsar and decided to take it upon themselves to improves Russia on their own. Nearing the end of the Romanov dynasty there were 3 new political groups aiming to rule Russia, the duma, the Bolsheviks and the soviets which alone gives us significant evi dence that the Tsars reign and abdication created a significant turning point in the political development 1856-1964. Nicholas’ abdication on March 2nd 1917 sparked the point of political change for Russia. The majority of these changes began as a result of opposition towards his inability to reign as an effective ruler. After his abdication his brother refused the throneShow MoreRelatedTo What Extent Did Stalin’s Rule Mar the Key Turning Point in Russia’s Political Development 1856-1953?1037 Words   |  5 Pagesdid Stalin’s rule mar the key turning point in Russia’s political development 1856-1953? In an historical context, a ‘turning point’ can be categorized as an event o impact caused by an individual that, had it not occurred, would have altered the final outcome of a period of history. In the period of Russian history 1856-1953 there is no doubt there was a huge amount on political change, at the bringing of the period Russia was a state ruled by an autocratic Tsar and by the end it had seen provisionalRead MoreRussi A Cold Bed Of Political Activism2114 Words   |  9 Pages The year was 1905 and the setting was Russia, St. Petersburg to be exact. Russia was a hot bed of political activism with the recent uprising of many revolutionary factions clamoring for reform through their own different view points over the final years of the 19th century. There were the liberals, led by Paul Miliukov whose goal it was to establish a constitutional monarchy much like the one in place in England, the Social Democrats whose views were shaped by the writings of Karl Marx a nd EngelsRead MoreAge of Enlightenment and Century5169 Words   |  21 Pagesï » ¿ ADVANCED PLACEMENT ESSAY QUESTIONS RENAISSANCE 1. 77: To what extent and in what ways may the Renaissance be regarded as a turning point in the Western intellectual and cultural tradition? 2. 81: Compare the ways in which two works of art reproduced below express the artistic, philosophical and cultural values of their times. (Pictures of Michelangelo s David and Giacometti s Man Pointing 1947). 3. 82: Compare

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Effective Intercultural Communication And Cultural Values

are warm and welcoming like Julie was to me, than I reciprocate the same actions back. This in mind the major difference I found was based on the idea of high-contact cultures. â€Å"High-contact cultures often look each other in the eye directly, face each other, touch and/or kiss each other, and speak in rather loud voices† (Ting-Toomey Chung, p. 144-145). Although the three of us are all from rather high-contact cultures, I found myself realizing that I actually prefer less touching, and more calm voices. Although I allowed Julie to touch me on the arm while talking, it was still something I found myself slightly caught off guard about, and I think that was due to more moderate contact preference. Considering all of this, when it comes to effective intercultural communication, people have to remember that everyone is an individual, and although cultural values are relatively stable, â€Å"each of us had developed our own unique sets of values baed on our socialization and life experience† (Ting-Toomey Chung, p. 40). What I mean to say is that one should not only be aware of a cultures values, but also that every human being is their own person, and their socialization and life experience might change how they interact with others. Even though when it comes intercultural communication is is important to know the basic beliefs, values, and communication styles of other culture, we should also recognize through our interactions the difference people also have from their dominateShow MoreRelatedIntercultural Mediation in a Postmodern World1717 Words   |  7 PagesThis presentation will focus on mediation and the very notion of intercultural mediator in a postmodern world . Mediation is the process of intercultural transformation for all parties involved and also a learning resource in newly constructed spaces of social interactions. Mediation refers to an intercultural spatiality (the socially produced space (Lefebvre 1991), which is not static but constitutive of social relations (Rick, 1997). Here it is useful to adopt Lefebvre’s unitary theory of spaceRead MoreUnderstanding Cultures And Intercultural Communication1512 Words   |  7 Pages â€Å"Understanding cultures and intercultural communication in terms of countries and nationalities is no longer relevant or effective.† Evaluate this statement, referring to relevant theories and using examples where appropriate. Student ID: 6749473 Academic subject: MSC Accounting and Financial Management Word count: 1511 Topicï ¼Å¡Ã¢â‚¬Å"Understanding cultures and intercultural communication in terms of countries and nationalities is no longer relevant or effective.† Evaluate this statement, referringRead MoreIntercultural Communication And Interpersonal Communication844 Words   |  4 PagesIntercultural communication is defined as when people communicate with one another who have different cultures. They may differ because of their languages, beliefs, values, and behavioral characteristics (Bennett, 1998). The intercultural communication plays a key role in globalization. It will help organizations to have a long-term success if they can manage the cultural differences and intercultural cooperation effectively to conflicts. Increasing shared knowledge and dealing with miscommunicationRead MoreIntercultural Communication : Interaction Between International Students And Japanese Peers1451 Words   |  6 PagesIntroduction: Intercultural Communication refers to the interaction between differe nt cultural communities; the sharing of information across language and cultures is known as intercultural communication. The main aim of this communication is to understand the different culture, tradition and interact accordingly. The intercultural literacy provides understanding and satisfaction in the communication. They are many problems which are faced due to lack of proper intercultural communication. In an articleRead MoreEssay on intercultural communication1346 Words   |  6 Pagesawareness of intercultural communication is also required.† Do you agree or disagree with his opinion? In a well-structured essay explain your ideas using clear examples to support your ideas. Distance and time are no longer the biggest obstacles to doing business, as result of human innovation and technological progress. And with the development of communications and wide-spread cooperation all over world, more and more companies are exploring the international market. (Johnson 2012) Intercultural communicationRead MoreIntercultural Communication1648 Words   |  7 PagesIntercultural Communication August 21, 2013â€Æ' The example of poor intercultural communication between the United States of America and Mexico is how the communication significantly affected foreign policy and international commerce between the two countries. Mexico is a country of intercultural significance and neighbors the United States of America. The United States of America is traditional and within the country, many cultures exist. The work ethic and language, within intercultural communicationRead MoreIntercultural Communication in the Workforce1292 Words   |  6 PagesIntercultural Communication in the Workforce Today’s organizations are doing business more and more in a global context. The people that count in any business from the suppliers to clients to employees are increasingly based in remote locations in foreign countries. The need for effective and clear intercultural communication is becoming vital in securing success in today’s global workplace. Managers of global corporations need to understand the role of intercultural communication competence inRead MoreIntercultural Communication And The Australian Criminal Justice System1364 Words   |  6 PagesIntercultural communication is a relatively new subject that has had increasing popularity among managers in both the business and education sectors. This essay will focus on how a lack of intercultural communication knowledge will result in racism, stereotyping and misunderstandings among different cultures and how this can result in negative long term effects for some already disadvantaged groups such as Indigenous Aus tralians. Without effective Intercultural Communication, particular groups willRead MoreIntercultural Communication Stumbling Blocks By Samovar, Porter, Mcdaniel Roy1267 Words   |  6 PagesIntercultural Communication Introduction According to the articles Intercultural communication stumbling blocks by Barna and Intercultural communication by Samovar, Porter, McDaniel Roy, describe the various challenges that are faced between communications of two individuals who come from different cultures. Notably, challenges that are faced by different people who come from different cultures exist due to the problem of the difference between the cultural norms. For instance, what is acceptableRead MoreNon-Verbal Communication and Inter-Cultural Communication Essay1249 Words   |  5 Pages Nonverbal communication is defined as the approach of conveying information and data by using speech, visuals, signs , behavior etc. Approximately 65% of the communication takes place through nonverbal attributes. Generally communication takes place with three steps. FIRST Is the thought or idea that comes in the mind of the sender. SECOND is the encoding which means sending message to the receiver in a particular gesture or sign or via a particular medium. THIRD is decoding of message which means

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Analysis Of The Tucson Jewish Community Center - 916 Words

Industry Overview have better intro sentence The Tucson Jewish Community Center (JCC) is a hub for both Jewish and non-Jewish members of the Tucson community to interact through a number of different activities such as sports, art classes, and summer camps. The primary industry for the JCC is the Civic and Youth Organizations industry which has a NAICS code of 81341. Currently, the industry is in the decline stage of its life cycle with an expected annual decline of 1%. The JCC faces macro-competition through the AAU Junior Olympics and International Youth Olympics, and faces micro competition through the Tucson Soccer Shootout and NYS Tucson (For more details see Appendix A and B). The JCC faces macro-competition through the AAU Junior†¦show more content†¦14 sports, cultural and social events, and a service day create the diversity offered by the Games (â€Å"Maccabi USA†, 2017). The overall community comes from meeting other Jewish teens from across the country. Weaknesses: The main weakness of the games is the Jewish requirement of most stakeholders. 3% of the US population is Jewish meaning that most athletes and host families are not eligible to participate (â€Å"Vital Statistics,† 2016). Opportunities: The largest opportunities are creating ongoing revenue streams, energizing Tucson JCC staff, and creating a sense of community (T. Rockoff, Personal Communication, October 10, 2017). Ongoing revenue streams will come from the significant economic impact on Tucson whereas energizing staff and creating a sense of community will derive from the morale boost of successfully hosting the Games. Threats: Threats facing the Games are potential volunteers and host families traveling during the summer and the unpredictable summer weather of Tucson. The two stakeholders are necessary to host the Games successfully and the dangerous weather could lead to delays and injuries. Trends: The most important trend is the 1% decline in the Civic, Social, and Youth Organizations industry (Longo, 2017). This is due to the preference of young teens to watch TV and use social media, thus making the narrow target market even smaller as the industry declines. See appendix C for more detail. Target Market The primary target market isShow MoreRelatedJcc Maccabi Games Swot Analysis1425 Words   |  6 Pages Company and Industry Overview Industry Overview The Tucson Jewish Community Center is included in the Civic, Social, and Youth Organizations industry and has a NAICS code of 81341. This industry is in the decline stage of its life cycle. Membership rates have stagnated recently as people turn to social media for community inclusion ( The revenue growth for 2016 was -5.4%, and the number of enterprises in this industry is expected to decline 1% annually(ibisworldRead MoreCalculus Oaper13589 Words   |  55 Pagesappalling evidence for the existence, on a very large scale, of international female slavery, the institution once known as white slavery but that in fact has involved, and at this very moment involves, women of every race and class. In the theoretical analysis derived from her research, Barry makes the connection between all enforced conditions under which women live subject to men prostitution, marital rape, father-daughter and brother-sister incest, wife-beating, pornography, bride-price, the sellingRead MoreFraud Triangle15238 Words   |  61 Pageswalking into freeway traffic last week had been under investigation by the state medical board for allegedly faking diagnoses of skin cancer to collect higher fees. Dr. Orville Stone, who once headed the dermatology department at UC Irvine Medical Center, was accused by five former employees of using cancerous patients’ skin tissue to fake diag- 34 Chapter 2 Cch2.qxd 1/31/03 2:33 PM Page 34   noses for hundreds of other patients. . . . Last Friday, the day after the board Read MoreOne Significant Change That Has Occurred in the World Between 1900 and 2005. Explain the Impact This Change Has Made on Our Lives and Why It Is an Important Change.163893 Words   |  656 PagesBrier, and Roy Rosenzweig Also in this series: Paula Hamilton and Linda Shopes, eds., Oral History and Public Memories Tiffany Ruby Patterson, Zora Neale Hurston and a History of Southern Life Lisa M. Fine, The Story of Reo Joe: Work, Kin, and Community in Autotown, U.S.A. Van Gosse and Richard Moser, eds., The World the Sixties Made: Politics and Culture in Recent America Joanne Meyerowitz, ed., History and September 11th John McMillian and Paul Buhle, eds., The New Left Revisited David MRead MoreCoco Cola18335 Words   |  74 Pagesproblems with Coke s distribution and bottling network, because specific franchise districts are guaranteed an exclusive market area for Coke products. Mexican-made Coca-Cola may often be found for sale in stores catering to the Hispanic immigrant community.  Kosher  for  Passover  Coke is also made with cane sugar, rather than corn syrup, due to the special dietary restrictions for observant Jews. Some  Orthodox Jews  do not consume corn during the holiday. Bottled with yellow caps, this variant can be found

Erikson s Eight Stages Of Life - 801 Words

Erikson’s Eight Stages of Life Erikson Initiative versus Guilt Stage Crain (2011) addressed Erikson’s developmental stage of initiative versus guilt, typically found in the age range of three to six year old children. In this stage, children explored their abilities to plan activities and set goals to attain their desired outcomes (Crain, 2011). Children experienced a type of crisis when they realized they could not attain all of their desired goals (Crain, 2011). This stage influenced children to form a superego, in which they formed new ideas about what society expected out of their behaviors (Crain, 2011). Crain (2011) stated that children began to analyze their behaviors and consider them through the aspects of the superego. The children referred to the superego through self-observation or self-control of new behaviors and already established behaviors (Crain, 2011). In result, the children exhibited less daring behaviors and controlled their actions through the learned rules of the superego (Crain, 2011). Observation of Initiative In the game of tag, Gwyn expressed an ability to take initiative in her actions. She was able to plan her action, set goals to avoid capture, and implement steps to attain that goal. Sometimes all the children stopped, including Gwyn, and they considered which direction the tagger would run. Gwyn would immediately run the opposite way, while some younger children made the mistake of running the wrong direction. Erikson and CulturalShow MoreRelatedErik Erikson s Stages Of Development1608 Words   |  7 Pages The Psychosocial Development The View on Erik H. Erikson s Stages of Development Frank Phan Cosumnes River College Psychology 300 Abstract This paper will touch over the aspects of Erik H Erickson s eight stages and how they affect everyday lives from infancy to adulthood. The paper will go over the approximate ages and the psychosocial crisis that they will eventually come to. Neglecting a child can lead to a cause of mental negligence in the form of Arrested Development. Within differentRead MoreThe Eight Crisis Stages Of Erik Erikson Development Theory1456 Words   |  6 Pagescourse of a life span which theorist observe these developments as a series of stages during which individuals displays qualities of behavior patterns. There are five theoretical orientation to development such as psychoanalytic, cognitive, behavioral and social cognitive, ethological, and ecological. It is a fact that these developmental theories don’t typically agree with one another so for the purpose of this research I will focus on four of the eight crisis stages of Erik Erikson developmentRead MoreErik Erikson s Theory Of Psycho social Development884 Words   |  4 PagesErik Erikson Erik Erikson was born June 15, 1902. Erikson is best-known for his famous theory of psychosocial development and the concept of the identity crisis. His theories marked an important shift in thinking on personality; instead of focusing simply on early childhood event, his psychosocial theory looked at how social influences contribute to personality throughout the entire lifespan. Erik Erikson died May 12, 1994 due to prostate cancer. (Erik Erikson, 2015). Stages of Psychosocial DevelopmentRead MoreErik Erikson s Theory Of Psychosocial Development Essay1366 Words   |  6 PagesAbstract Erik Erikson (1902-1994) provided a new perspective of psychosocial behavior and development while expanding on the works of other theorists. Erikson believed there to be eight stages of psychosocial development which a person transitions through. These stages start at birth and end with old age/death. Erikson’s work is used throughout many outlets of social work. Social workers use this information to help them figure out what is going on with clients and how best to help them. Erikson providesRead MoreThe Theorist I Choose For This Paper That I Believe I Relate1509 Words   |  7 Pageschoose for this paper that I believe I relate to the most is Erik Erikson. Erik Erikson is best known for his theory on identity, which was a theory that was broadened from Sigmund Freud while retaining its core work (Schultz, D. Schultz, S., 2013). Erik Erikson’s mother, who was Jewish, became pregnant but a man that was not her husband after her husband’s disappearance. She w as sent to Germany, where she gave birth to Erik. Erik Erikson grew up believing his pediatrician was his biological fatherRead MoreErik Erikson s Theory Of Psychosocial Development Essay1177 Words   |  5 Pages Erik Erikson was born in Greman in 1902-1994, American psychoanalyst; known for psychosocial theory of emotional development of human beings. His theory looks at the impact of parents and society on personality development from childhood to adulthood. Erikson believes, each person has to pass through a series of eight stages over there entire life cycle. I will look at the first 3 stages that cover the childhood years. There are set of conflict at each stage, which allows individual to developRead MoreAnalysis Of The Book Mcadams 1154 Words   |  5 PagesIn this article McAdams, the author guides the reader through the life stories of different psychologists , he provide a real recollection of life stories and narrative approaches that recent researcher and theories have apply to understand human behavior. This article integrates recent theories and researchers of life stories as illustrated the investigation of self-understanding, personal memory, personality structure and change, and the relations between the personal lives and cultural. TheRead MoreErikson s Psychosocial Theory : Development Of Ego Identity1293 Words   |  6 Pagestheory Erik Erikson was a student of another theorist, Sigmund Freud. Erikson expanded on Freud’s psychosexual theory. Erikson later developed the psychosocial theory. This theory described the effect of one’s social experiences throughout one’s whole lifespan. One of the main elements of Erikson’s psychosocial theory is the development of ego identity. Ego identity is the conscious sense of self that we develop through social interaction. The ego was taken from Freud’s theory. Erikson added threeRead MoreErik Erikson : Psychosocial Development1103 Words   |  5 PagesErik Erikson: Psychosocial Stages of Development â€Å"Erik Erikson was best-known for his famous theory of psychosocial development and the concept of the identity crisis. His theories marked and important shift in thinking on personality; instead of focusing simply on early childhood events, his psychosocial theory looked at how social influences contribute to personality throughout the entire lifespan† (Cherry). This paper will discuss Erikson’s childhood and the influence it had on his work. AlsoRead MoreErickson888 Words   |  4 PagesErikson s theory of personality Main article: Erikson s stages of psychosocial development Erikson was a Neo-Freudian. He has been described as an ego psychologist studying the stages of development, spanning the entire lifespan. Each of Erikson s stages of psychosocial development is marked by a conflict for which successful resolution will result in a favourable outcome, and by an important event that this conflict resolves itself around. Favorable outcomes of each stage are sometimes

Corporate Governance Ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility

Question: 1) Does the NYMO organization in its course for Corporate Social Responsibility, has Corporate Citizenship obligation to try to preserve the jobs of its workers in their home-country market? (Justify your advice). As part of Johns report to the CEO, give few key arguments in favor and against the need for outsourcing domestic production, and therefore, cutting down jobs at home. 2) Given that the joint venture, has decided to implement a geocentric staffing policy in appointing the ventures CEO, identify the key advantages and disadvantages of each type of international staffing policy. Namely ethnocentric, polycentric and geocentric staffing. 3) What are the risks the Joint venture might have with the contract labor strategy planned to be implemented in rehiring staff laid off in its effort to keep the costs down (reengineer), right after the first signs of recovery from the financial crisis? Can you propose any alternative(s) to the contract labor strategy for the joint venture? 4)How do you judge the senators proposal for the tax incentives offered to attract the NYMOs organization new investment? Would the outlay be proper use of taxpayer money? Why or why not? If you were in Johns position, would you feel comfortable defending your acceptance for the tax incentives if it were to become public? 5) Suppose you were asked to decide the course of action with regards to the announcements of the new governments spokesman? It is up to you to decide on behalf of the NYMOs organization board, a course of action. Can you make an ethical decision that is also a good and profitable business decision? Specifically a) Do you pull out of the country, effectively abandoning your investment and employees? b) Do you publicly and directly confront the leaders of the new government and insist that they owe to respect the rights and interests of all multinationals operating in their soil? c) Do you proceed more discreetly and pursue diplomacy individually, out of the publics eye? d) Do you advise a different course of action? Answer 1: A Corporate Citizenship is the degree to which organizations are socially accountable for meeting economic, legal and ethical liability put on them by shareholders. The goal of Corporate Citizenship for businesses is to build quality of life and higher standards of living in the communities in which they function. In this case NYMO is operating in both New York and in some Latin American country, but its main operating market is shifted to Latin American country and it is fulfilling its Corporate Citizenship obligation for Latin America by providing jobs to the people of Latin America. So we can say that it is performing its Corporate Citizenship responsibility to a large extent (Prasad, 2011).Our advice is that even though NYMO is completing its responsibility in Latin America, it should keep some of its operations in its home country, and fulfill its responsibility for the home country, especially that the new venture may be subject to political/financial crisis. As part of Johns report to the CEO, give few key arguments in favor and against the need for outsourcing domestic production, and therefore, cutting down jobs at home. Arguments in favor of outsourcing domestic production Swiftness and ExpertiseThe workers to which task is outsourced have explicit equipments and industrial skill, many of the times superior than the ones at the company that has outsourced. Efficiently the jobs can be completed quicker and with improved eminence output (Vining Globerman, 1999). Focusing on core process rather than the sustaining ones Outsourcing the sustaining procedures gives the organization additional time to reinforce their core trade procedure.Risk-sharing -one of the most vital issues forming the result of a campaign is risk-analysis. Outsourcing definite constituents of your business procedure helps the company to transfer some accountability to the outsourced vendor. Cheap Operational and staffing costs -Outsourcing avoids the necessity to employ employees in-house; hence staffing and operational costs can be reduced to a great degree. This is one of the major benefits of offshore outsourcing (Lewin Johnson, 2000) Arguments against outsourcing domestic production Risk of divulging secret data -When an association contracts out HR, Recruitment services and Payroll, it engages a danger if revealing secret company information to a third-party. Coordinating the deliverables -In case right partner is not chosen for outsourcing, some of the ordinary difficult areas comprise prolonged delivery time frames, inferior quality output and unsuitable classification of duties. At times it is simple to control these issues within an company rather than with an outsourced partner (Quelin Duhamel, 2003). Hidden costs -Although outsourcing majority of the times is gainful at times the concealed costs concerned in signaling an agreement while signing an agreement across international borders may pretense a serious danger. Answer 2: Ethnocentric staffing advantages The obvious benefit of ethnocentric staffing is the agreement of point of view and interests of the head office with all other overseas subsidiaries. Communication is simpler in ethnocentric staffing as there should be no cultural and language barriers. A company practicing ethnocentric staffing is also capable to move workers with an obvious presentation proof that will offer some level of certainty (Kakabadse Kakabadse, 2002). Ethnocentric staffing disadvantages You can mislay local viewpoint and imminent that local workers can give that may assist overcome exceptional obstacles in each foreign office. Furthermore, appointing emigrants is inclined to be costly contrasted to appointing locally. In addition, a high ratio of deportees may build local hatred at foreign subsidiaries, which may harm self-esteem (Hajduk, 2000). Polycentric staffing advantages It will be better for the employees of the operating country to direct the organization on local market circumstances, laws and culture at every overseas locality. Utilization of home workers gives a point to the organization and the customers that the company is agreeable to give an assurance to the nation. Home workers are also contemptible, no transfer costs and top reimbursement are involved. (Harris, Giunipero, Tomas Hult, 1998). Polycentric staffing disadvantages Depending on locals means there may be a few divide in viewpoint and notices with the home country. Locals may place local attentions on top of the company's big interests (Karnitschnig, 2004). Geocentric Hiring Advantages Geocentric hiring is the practice of keeping the finest people in your company not considering of where they are from. If you have an idol player in your US manufacturing office and your Italy based operations team wants him, you would get him in the geocentric model. The main advantage of this model is that it allocates to use the ability where it is needed the most. (Momme, 2002). Geocentric Hiring Disadvantages When you have a small company, you may not construct the wide worldwide infrastructure that lets you to really influence a geocentric model. The costs of this model may be high compared to the number of companys we have outside. When you start taking employees from abroad, your preparation and transfer costs can go up and you also have the additional difficulty of dealing with immigration related necessities. There is also a risk of weakening the cultures (Wiņºniewska, 2011). Answer 3: Some of the risks involved in contract labor strategy for the joint venture are Many times when workers are on contract they dont have loyalty to the company when contrasted with full time workers. On contract workers have a higher turnover rate. Company also has a risk that on contract worker is probable to find it hard to mix into the company again and may undergo lower morale; also core workers possibly will feel threatened by the attendance of contingent employees. Thus, part time workers who once were permanent employees might have more obscurity in cooperate with each other. Some alternative to the contract labor strategy for the joint venture are Leave of Absence - People are presented a leave of absence with full profits for a meticulous time to help business weather a slump. Although people are promised a job on completion of the leave, it might not be the equivalent job or at the equal pay level (Gilley Rasheed, 2000). Employee Buy-Outs The organization permits employees to acquire the process that was lined up for shutting and set up their own production. Shared Ownership The organization permits employees to trade pay raises or pay slashes in revisit for company stock. Answer 4: We think that senators proposal for the tax incentives was a good proposal, as many developing countries today are using such kind of policies for development of their company. This would be a proper outlay of taxpayer money as they are the ones who would be benefited once the company starts operating (Cooper, 2004). Yes, if I had been in Johns position, I would feel comfortable defending acceptance for the tax incentives if it were to become public as taking tax incentives is not wrong and is profitable for both the operating nation and the company (Biel, 2001). Answer 5: We would take a different course of action (D)., we should have a meeting with the leaders of the Government; we should try to explain them how much we have invested in the Joint venture and might be difficult for the nation to run the company on their own, as we have prior experience in running this energy business. If the government is still not convinced we can ask them for some time in which we will help the company to operate, and if the government at anytime feels that it will be able to handle the company better than us, then it can immediately take all the powers from us. This way we can borrow some time from the government, we can also ask the government to fix a particular percentage of company profit which we can get regularly; we can also advice government to discuss the issue with employees before taking any decision (Caldwell, 2006). References Biel, F. (2001). Promotor. Caldwell, B. (2006, June 24). The new outsourcing partnership. Information Week, pp. 50-60. Cooper, C. (2004). Poll shows support for off shoring tax. CNET Gilley, K.M., Rasheed, A. (2000). Making More by Doing Less: An Analysis of Outsourcing and its Effects on Firm Performance, Journal of Management, Vol. 26, No. 4, p. 764. Hajduk, A. (2010). Outsourcing. Harris, A., Giunipero, L., Tomas, G., Hult, M. (1998). Impact of Organisational and Contract Flexibility on Outsourcing Contracts, Industrial Marketing Management Karnitschnig, M. (2004). Vaunted German engineers face competition from China. New YorkTimes. Kakabadse, A., Kakabadse, N. (2002). Trends in Outsourcing: Contrasting USA and Europe, European Management Journal (Vol. 20, No. 2, pp. 189). Lewin, J., Johnson, W. (2000). The effects of organisational restructuring on industrial buying behaviour: 1990 and beyond, Journal of Business Industrial Marketing vol. 11 no.6 1996, pp. 93-111. Prasad, R. (2011). The Outsourcing Option, Ebesco Publishing. Momme, J. (2002). Framework for outsourcing manufacturing: strategic and operational implications, 49 pp. 5975. Quelin, B., Duhamel F. (2003). Bringing Together Strategic Outsourcing and Corporate Strategy: Outsourcing Motives and Risks, European Management Journal. Vol. 21, No. 5, p. 652; Vining A., Globerman S. (1999). A Conceptual Framework for Understanding the Outsourcing Decision, European Management Journal. Vol. 17, No. 6, pp. 645654. Wiņºniewska M. (2011). Outsourcing.

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Supporting Performance Management with Business Process

Question: Describe about the Supporting performance Management with Business Process? Answer: Introduction Business Intelligence and Analytics (BIA) the term was defined in year 1989 by Howard Dresner of the Gartner Group and is all about development of systems, technologies, applications and practices that help analysing complex and critical business data so as to develop new insights about markets and businesses (Lim, et al., 2013). BIAs prime objective is to support businesses in their decision making process by providing them easy and interactive access to diverse data, allow them transformation and manipulation of available data and provide business analysts and managers the ability to perform appropriate analysis which lead to best decisions. The principles and techniques of Business Intelligence and Analytics (BIA) thus help enhancing the performance effectiveness and efficiency of an organisation and enable them achieve desired goals and performance objectives. Business intelligence can be defined as the related knowledge and information of an organisation that help defining its business environment, economic issues, customers and competitors, market conditions and in a way the organisation itself (Ghazanfari, et al., 2011).Business intelligence lifecycle involves the design, development, and management approach to BI. The business users are incorporated in the design phase and focus is given to generating data models, data integration mappings, database objects and front-end semantic layers based on business user inputs (c, et al., 2013). BI Lifecycle help transforming data into intelligence and comprise of four main phases namely; Collection, reporting, analysis and visualisation which corresponds of infancy, adolescence, adulthood and maturity phase respectively. Apple Inc. Apple Inc. is an American Multination Corporation that was founded in year 1976 by Steve Jobs, Ronald Wayne and Steve Wozniak. The company is involved in the design, development and selling of consumer electronics, online services, computer software and personal computers (Apple Inc., 2015). Headquartered in Cupertino, California, Apple has recorded $182 billion as worldwide annual revenue in year 2014. Apple enjoys a large market share and a huge brand loyalty making it the worlds most valuable brand having a valuation of $118.9 billion. In order to keep a pulse on how the company is performing and operating Apple Inc. invest huge amount on business intelligence and analytics. BIA is helping them in ensuring continuous improvement in processes and performance and thus enhance customer experience. Project Brief Benefits of using dashboard and BIA for Apple Inc Dashboards are defined as graphical presentation that helps depicting companys performance measures (Loshin, 2003). They help in publishing linked reported, multi-objects and parameters with interactive and intuitive displays. They help identifying the gap actual and targets. Sliders, gauges, checkboxes and maps are some of the visualisation components. Dashboards and BIA help managers in decision making process and determining and improving companys performance. They help identifying negative trends and correcting them after they are identified. Dashboards help enhancing the efficiency and effectiveness of newly made decisions(Ghazanfari, et al., 2011). They help measuring companys performance and other parameters and defining its strategies and goals as a whole. Dashboards also help enhancing employees efficiency as it is automated and easy to learn and maintain. Dashboards also help enhancing employee motivation by making them aware of new trends, companys market position and stra tegies. Apart from all these benefits dashboards are advantageous because they are customisable, complete, help drilling into details, intuitive and interactive and can even be accessed by mobile device thus making then the most preferred BIA tool by businesses. Type of data to be included There are three main types of dashboards namely; strategic which focus on KPIs, operational dashboards which focus on operational side of business and analytical that offer drill down functionally (Lim, et al., 2013). Both internal and external data will be needed in order to prepare a dashboard however data requirement vary with the type of dashboard that needs to be created. Internal data could be related to human resources like today headcounts, attrition rates, promotions etc. Internal data include data generated by the operations of an organisation (Brijs, 2012). This information is procured and consolidated from different divisions within an organisation. Some common example of internal data include number of purchase orders generated by sales team, sales orders generated by procurement, transactions performed by finance, leads generated from marketing, and customer records. External data include data that is not collected within the organisation as for example data collected f rom reputed search engines, business magazines like Forbes and proprietary databases (Brijs, 2012). All these data will be consolidated in order to prepare an effective dashboard. Challenges faced while implementing the dashboards Quality and availability for relevant data is the biggest challenge faced during implementation of an effective dashboard (Ghazanfari, et al., 2011). A lot of data can be gather from internal and external source however it is important that the data gathered is reliable, accurate and relevant for the type of dashboard that needs to be prepared. Some other challenges that are faced during dashboard implementation arise from factors such as poor communications among different business units and divisions, lack of clearly defined strategy and expectation from dashboard, office politics that prohibit real time data sharing and very limited budget. Dashboard Audience Depending on the type of dashboard created its audience could be companys senior management, employees, partners and suppliers or all of them (Lim, et al., 2013). As dashboard intends to communicate specific message define the audience of a dashboard is most critical step. Dashboards implementation Once the dashboard has been designed and its goals and audience identified it can be implemented using the following steps as shown below: Fig.1. Source: Brijs, (2012) The implementation team will comprise of subject matter expert, dashboard software expert, business analysts, business intelligence expert, database administrator, IT Manager and Project manager and trainers. In order to develop and implement an effective dashboard it is important to ensure that all these members work in close coordination with each other. Sample Dashboard (have provided two samples keep which you like, first is for HCL company, company name not specified in second one.) Dashboard showing HCL competitive position in terms of deals Image.1. Source: Kearney (2011) References c, V. B. V., Bach, M. P. . Popoviˆ¡c, A., (2013) Supporting performance management with business process management and business intelligence: A case analysis of integration and orchestration. International Journal of Information Management, Volume 30, pp. 613-619. Andersen, B., (2007) Business Process Improvement Toolbox. Milwaukee: ASQ Quality Press. Apple Inc., (2015) Jobs at Apple. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 2015]. Brijs, B., (2012) Business Analysis for Business Intelligence. Boca Raton: CRC Press. Ghazanfari, M., Jafari, M. Rouhani, S., (2011) A tool to evaluate the business intelligence of enterprise systems. Scientia Iranica, 18(6), pp. 1579-1590. Kearney, A., (2011) HCL Corporate Presentation April 2011. [Online] Available at: [Accessed 2015]. Lim, E. P., Chen, H. Chen, G., (2013) Business Intelligence and Analytics: Research Direction. ACM Transactions on Management Information Systems, 3(4), pp. 1-10. Loshin, D., (2003) Business Intelligence: The Savvy Manager's Guide, Getting Onboard with Emerging IT. New York: Morgan Kaufmann. Project Brief